Vision Insurance: What You Need To Know

Vision Insurance: What You Need To Know text overlaying image of a woman reading an eye chart If you’re having eye problems, you may wonder, is an ophthalmologist covered by my medical insurance or do I need vision insurance? In short, most ophthalmologists accept both medical and vision insurance, depending on the type of services you need. Vision insurance covers your optical needs, such as annual eye exams, eyeglasses, and contact lenses. However, it does not cover any eye services that are considered “medical”. Medical insurance will pay for medically necessary services. So, if you have an eye disease or health problem you can usually use your health insurance for that treatment. Below we’ll look at common eye issues, and what each insurance will cover.

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What Is an Ophthalmologist?

An ophthalmologist is a doctor who is an expert in eye care. They are different from optometrists because they are doctors who have spent at least 12 years in school to get their license as an ophthalmologist MD. Ophthalmologists are trained to perform eye surgeries and treat eye disease as well as vision problems. They also train to do vision tests and write prescriptions for eyeglasses and contact lenses. The kind of care you get depends on why you’re going to the ophthalmologist in the first place.


An ophthalmologist can give you glasses or contacts to help you see better, as well as treat cataracts, diabetic eye problems, macular degeneration, and other eye problems. If you’re still wondering, “Are ophthalmologists covered by medical insurance?” you can rest assured that they are. You might see an ophthalmologist for things like macular degeneration or glaucoma, which are both common eye diseases. But if you have a problem with one or both of your eyes, that is the most important reason to go. Some of the most common problems with the eyes are:

Sudden Vision Changes

Some normal changes in vision are caused by genes or getting older. Changes like sudden blurriness or a change in the floaters in your eyes can mean that something serious is going on with your eyes that an optometrist can’t help with. 

Double Vision

If you have double vision, it could mean that your nerves are damaged or that the issue may be residing in your brain. An ophthalmologist can look into the problem and find out what’s going on.

Eye Infections

When an eye infection gets worse, it can sometimes make it hard for you to see. The ophthalmologist can figure out what’s wrong and give you the right treatment so that an infection doesn’t hurt your eyes. 

Other Eye Specialists

As we’ve already talked about, an ophthalmologist is a doctor who is licensed to treat and operate on the eye. You should always see an ophthalmologist if you have a serious eye problem or if you hurt your eye physically. An optometrist is not a medical doctor. Instead, he or she is a specialist who takes care of the eyes by doing things like testing and correcting vision, as well as treating and managing changes in vision. Most health insurance plans don’t pay for this kind of vision test, but a vision plan might. An optician is a trained person who checks and fits eyeglasses and contact lenses, usually based on what an ophthalmologist or optometrist tells them to do. A vision plan may also cover visits to the eye doctor or optician.

Common Eye Conditions

Proper eye care is important if you want to keep your eyes healthy and keep your eyesight. It’s important to know the most common eye diseases so you’ll notice if your eyes or vision change because of an injury,illness, or just aging. Most eye problems are easier to treat if they are caught early. This is one of the reasons why it’s so important to get an eye exam every year. Below are a few of the most common eye problems.

Vision Impairment

The CDC says that refractive errors are the main cause of eye problems in the U.S. Refractive errors in your eyes cause your vision to be blurry. These errors include astigmatism (distorted vision), myopia (near-sightedness), hyperopia (far-sightedness), and presbyopia (can’t focus on close objects, usually in people 40 and older). These kinds of vision problems can often be fixed with eyeglasses or contact lenses, and sometimes they can be fixed with surgery, like LASIK.

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Cataracts, which cloud your eye’s lens are another leading cause of vision loss in the U.S. At first, stronger lighting and eyeglasses can help with cataracts, but most people end up needing surgery. Which can be quite safe and very successful depending on your situation.


Glaucoma is an eye disease that damages the optic nerve and can lead to either partial or complete blindness. It is usually treated with eye drops, pills, or traditional or laser surgery. The goal with treatment is to keep glaucoma from taking your vision completely.

Macular degeneration

Macular degeneration, which causes blurred central vision, can happen in people over 40. Central vision is needed for daily tasks such as driving or reading so age-related macular degeneration can have a serious impact on your life. There is unfortunately no cure for age-related macular degeneration, but you can. The best steps are exercise, quitting smoking, and eating lots of vegetables. 

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy can be treated by keeping a person’s blood sugar, blood pressure, and lipid problems under control. An annual eye exam is very important for people with diabetes, and most health insurance plans cover it.


Conjunctivitis is a very common, but not always dangerous, eye problem. Also called “pink eye,” conjunctivitis is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva. It can happen to one or both eyes. It can also spread very easily. Conjunctivitis isn’t a very serious eye disease, but if it isn’t treated properly, it can turn into something worse. Depending on what’s causing it (allergy, virus, bacteria, etc.), the treatment is usually topical antibiotics or fake tears.


This is one of the most common problems kids have with their eyesight. Amblyopia, which is also called “lazy eye” is when the eye and brain don’t coordinate well. One eye gets more attention from the brain than the other. This means that one eye is not being used normally. Amblyopia can lead to blindness if it isn’t taken care of properly when the child is young. But putting an eye patch over the healthy eye, which makes the child use the “lazy” eye, is often a good way to treat the problem. Also, corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses could be part of the treatment.


This is another common eye disease that affects children. Strabismus makes the eyes cross in or turn out. If it isn’t treated, it can also cause blindness. To stop this eye disease from getting worse, treatment should start as soon as possible, sometimes even when the child is only a week old. Also, corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses may be used.

Medical vs Vision Insurance

The main difference between medical insurance and vision insurance is how the treatment you’re getting is classified. When you look at what insurance covers during an ophthalmologist visit, you’ll find that it’s your health insurance. Your vision insurance covers an optometrist visit although it may also cover some services from an ophthalmologist. For example, you go to an eye doctor for a regular eye exam. The optometrist will take your group vision insurance for the visit and any other services you need that are covered by the policy. If the optometrist finds something wrong with your eyes that needs medical care, they will send you to an ophthalmologist. The ophthalmologist will treat the problem. Here’s how each insurance type pays for eye care:

Medical Insurance

When you have medical problems with your eyesight, you need the help of an ophthalmologist to treat and fix them. These are medical problems because you need a doctor to treat them and give you medicine, but not always to give you glasses or other tools to help you see better. Some common medical problems that your doctor can bill your insurance are:


  • Comprehensive eye exams with dilation (but not the part of the exam that tests your vision, called refraction)
  • Eye infections
  • Diabetes eye exams
  • Monitoring cataracts
  • Exams if you take medicine with possible side effects on your eyes, such as steroid medicines and arthritis medications
  • Managing and treating macular degeneration or glaucoma
  • Emergency appointments due to loss of vision 

Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA, also called “Obamacare”), all qualified health plans must cover many eye diseases, such as glaucoma, cataracts, amblyopia, strabismus, diabetic retinopathy, and age-related macular degeneration. All of these are medical problems that your major medical insurance plan will cover. Also, Obamacare-qualified health plans must cover pediatric vision care for all patients under 19 years old, which includes an annual eye exam and, if needed, eyeglasses.

Vision Insurance

Under Obamacare, the vast majority of qualified health plans for adults do not cover eye care. This means that refractive errors or mild but common eye diseases like conjunctivitis may not be covered by your major medical insurance plan. So, what is vision insurance if some types of eye care are covered by medical insurance? Vision insurance pays for eye exams, corrective lenses, eyeglass frames, contacts, and discounts on LASIK, special coatings for lenses, and progressive lenses. 

EZ Has You Covered

Regular eye exams are important for keeping your eyes healthy and keeping your eyesight in good shape,even if you’re one of the few people in the U.S. who doesn’t wear glasses or contacts. Your optometrist will check for certain problems every time you go in. Even though a lot of employers offer vision insurance, some don’t. You can find a vision plan that will cost you a lot less per year than paying out of pocket for eye care. Eye insurance is worth the money just because of this. To get started, just type your zip code into the box below or call 877-670-3557 to talk to one of our licensed agents.

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Save your sight: Eye care tips for seniors

Take a look around you – what do you see? Maybe you see friends and neighbors chatting outside, a flourishing garden, a beautiful sunset, or a clear blue sky. Our sense of sight is one of the things that  keeps us connected to the beauty of the world, and one of the main things that keeps us independent. However, as we age, our eyesight naturally deteriorates. There are some protective measures you can take to support healthy eyes and protect your precious eyesight. 

Common Eyesight Changesillustration of an eye and floaters

Many people report that changes in their eyesight sneak up on them. Because many conditions develop painlessly and have few early symptoms, they often go unnoticed until the condition is quite advanced. But if you are aware of common age-related eye issues and their symptoms, you can identify any red flags and discuss possible treatment with a doctor. Some common age-related eye conditions include:

  • Floaters. While this might not sound like a scientific term, the term “floater” is used to describe spots, thread-like strands, or squiggly lines that drift around in your field of vision. What you are actually seeing is the shadow of vitreous, the gel substance that makes eyes round. These are usually a harmless and natural part of aging. However, if you suddenly notice a large amount of floaters, loss of peripheral vision, and/or flashes of light, it could mean something more serious and you should seek medical attention right away.
  • Dry eyes. As we age our eyes stop producing enough high-quality tears to lubricate themselves. This can result in dry eyes, which can cause an itching, burning sensation and red eyes. Eyes that are too dry have an increased risk of infection and tears to the cornea. There are many medical and environmental factors that might contribute to the onset of severe dry eyes, such as menopause, certain medications, and allergies. Dry eyes can usually be treated with over-the-counter eye drops or hot compresses, but see a specialist if this condition becomes painful. 
  • Presbyopia. Presbyopia is a common eye condition that is caused by the muscles around the lens of the eye hardening as we age. Presbyopia makes it difficult to focus on close-up objects, which can result in headaches, eye strain, and difficulty reading small print. A doctor can diagnose and correct this condition with reading glasses. 
  • Cataracts. Half of all Americans have cataracts by the time they are 80 years old. This common condition is characterized as “cloudy vision” – in fact, it can sometimes be  visible to the naked eye, with the lens of the eye appearing opaque. Cataracts can cause blurred vision, double vision, decreased visible contrast, decreased low-light vision, and increased light sensitivity and glares. All of these symptoms make driving particularly dangerous, especially at night. Cataracts can be treated with surgery. 

High-Risk Eye Conditionscaucasian hands holding a diabetic needle tube with reader in background.

In addition to typical age-related eye changes, there are other health issues that might exacerbate eyesight issues, which can even result in permanent vision loss. People with diabetes are at a greater risk for developing the following optical conditions: 

  • Diabetic retinopathy. This condition is the result of damage to blood vessels in the eye, which causes retinal tissue to swell and creates cloudy vision. At its most severe, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness. 
  • Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that cause damage to the optic nerve, impacting peripheral vision. Glaucoma is often painless and can have no obvious symptoms until peripheral vision is impacted. If left untreated, glaucoma can cause blindness. 
  • Retinal detachment. Retinal detachment is a tearing or separation of the retina. This can be caused by trauma to the eye or head, and is found in patients with advanced diabetes. 

Protect your eyes

Though the risks are real, there are a few routine adjustments that seniors can make to protect and preserve their eyesight. 

  • Routine medical appointments. Doctors and optometrists alike stress the importance of regular visits to your primary care practitioner and all medical specialists – including optometrists. With routine visits, your medical team will be able to keep tabs on any developments in your health and intervene at the first sign of an issue. This is particularly pertinent for people with additional health risks, such as diabetes. 
  • african american senior woman with a red sun hat on, jean shirt, and dark sunglasses on.
    Make sure to protect your eyes when you are outside in the sun.

    Follow medical advice. The World Health Organization reports that 75% of adults need glasses, but many people say that they “should wear glasses, but don’t.” If a medical expert prescribes something – a medication, lifestyle adjustment, or glasses – it’s important to make sure you are following their orders! 

  • Make household adjustments. In addition to following medical protocols, there are some easy adjustments you can make around the house. Instead of reading by a dim light, try switching to fluorescent light bulbs or listening to an audio-book to reduce eye strain. You can also increase the font size on your computer and phone as well as increase the brightness on your screens. 
  • Lifestyle changes. We know that many eye issues are age-related. We can’t stop aging, but we can make it healthy and painless by exercising regularly, eating a healthy and balanced diet, protecting our eyes and bodies from harmful UV rays, and quitting smoking. 

There are some real – and scary – age-related eye health issues. But you don’t have to live in fear of losing your sight! By making the necessary adjustments, checking in with doctors regularly, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, you can preserve your vision for many years to come.

Diabetics Beware of This Blinding Disease

The number of people with diabetes has risen from 108 million to 422 million in only 35 years, and the rate of increase is getting worse. Diabetes affects the body’s ability to produce or use insulin to control blood sugar levels. If blood sugar levels are high for a long time, it can damage essential organs, including the eyes. Diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness, and lead to other blinding eye diseases. So, if you have

Diabetes machine, a bowl of sugar, and testing machine.
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in American adults. The eye disease causes vision loss and blindness in people with diabetes.

diabetes, prevention is key.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease that causes vision loss and blindness in people with diabetes. It is the leading cause of blindness in American adults. Blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye, will swell, leak, or close off. Abnormal blood vessels can grow on the retina’s surface as well. Early stages of this disease do not usually have symptoms. 

During the later stages of diabetic retinopathy, blood vessels in the retina will bleed and leak into the vitreous. A sure sign this has happened is when a person sees dark, floating spots or streaks. If you do not treat it in time, the bleeding will continue, worsening the condition, and cause scarring. Diabetic retinopathy can lead to other serious eye diseases such as:


  • Diabetic Macular Edema- Over time, half of people with diabetic retinopathy will develop diabetic macular edema. This is when small blood vessels in the center of the retina, called the macula, leak and cause swelling in the retina. It will cause a person’s vision to become blurry, and can lead to permanent vision loss. 

  • Cataracts- Diabetes makes you 2-5 times more likely to develop cataracts because of the high blood sugar levels. A cataract is when the eye’s lens clouds, causing blurriness. Luckily, it can be treated with surgery. 

  • Glaucoma- Diabetic retinopathy causes abnormal blood vessels to grow out of the retina and block fluid. The fluid is not able to drain from the eye, causing glaucoma. The optic nerve is damaged and leads to irreversible vision loss. 



An up close picture of a caucasian person's eye that is light brown in color.
About 2 in 5 Americans with diabetes have some form of diabetic eye disease. Symptoms inclue cloudiness, blurred vision, flashing lights, or seeing spots.

To reiterate, the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy can include:

  • Blurry vision 
  • Flashing lights
  • Cloudiness
  • Dark or floating spots
  • Blind or blank spots

Risk Factors

If a person has diabetes, they are at risk for developing diabetic retinopathy. This includes people with type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. The longer that a person has diabetes, the more likely they are to develop diabetic retinopathy. About 2 in 5 Americans with diabetes have some form of diabetic eye disease. High sugar levels affect your eyes greatly.

There are usually no warning signs for diabetic eye diseases, but if you go for regular eye exams, it can be caught early. Make sure to schedule yearly eye exams, and if you have moderate to severe retinopathy, then an exam should be scheduled every 6-12 months. In order to lower your risk of diabetic eye diseases, it is important to manage your diabetes. Having high blood pressure and high cholesterol increases your risk. Keep blood sugar levels as normal as possible, eat healthy, and exercise every day,  this will help you control diabetes, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels.

Blinding Shingles On The Rise

If you had chicken pox when you were younger, then you are at a high risk of getting shingles when you are older. Shingles typically occur in people 50 and older, and can be extremely painful. New research shows that cases of blinding shingles have tripled since 2004. The virus remains dormant in your body, but it can be reactivated later in life, causing the shingles. These shingles can occur in the nerve of the eye, causing severe pain, blurry vision, and even blindness. The pain that comes from shingles can be unbearable, but there are ways that you can prevent shingles from occurring, and treatment to receive before it blinds you.

What Are Shingles?

Shingles occur later in life after you were exposed to the chicken pox virus early in life. Blinding shingles can cause blurred vision, and even cause blindness.

Shingles is known as herpes zoster, or just “zoster virus.” It occurs when the virus in the nerve cells become active. It causes a skin rash, and even vision loss. The virus that causes shingles is the varicella-zoster virus, which is the same virus that causes chickenpox. If you had chickenpox, then you have the virus in your body forever. It can remain dormant for a long time, and usually occurs when you are older, and your immune system is weaker. 

When the virus reactivates, it travels through nerves, and can cause a burning or tingling sensation. Two or three days later, when the virus reaches the skin, blisters will appear along the nerve. The skin is often very sensitive, and painful. Because the eye has “numerous highly sensitive nerves,” it’s particularly painful, Dr. Nakul Shekhawat, an ophthalmologist at the University of Michigan said, and a rash, swelling, inflammation and pink eye can go along with it. In some cases, corneal scarring and blistering can result in permanent vision loss.

Blinding shingles can kill the nerve endings, causing ulcers on the eye and inflammation inside the eye. It can cause glaucoma, and can damage the back of the eye. 


A two-dose vaccine called Shingrix, approved in 2017, can prevent 97% of shingles cases, and an older vaccine (Zostavax) can cut risk by half. The CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends that adults 50 and older who had chickenpox, get two doses of the shingles vaccine Shingrix (recombinant zoster vaccine), two

needles stacked next to each other.
A two-dose vaccine called Shingrix, can prevent 97% of shingles cases,.

to six months apart. The vaccine cannot cure shingles, but it is a preventive measure to take before any problems begin from the shingles virus.


Treatment can range from eye drops to compresses in manageable cases, then surgery in more advanced cases.

If issues begin with your eyes, you should see your doctor right away. “If you feel tingling, pain, burning and develop a rash on your scalp, forehead, eyelids or tip of your nose, it’s a warning sign,” Dr. Thomas Steinemann, an ophthalmologist in Cleveland and clinical spokesman for the American Academy of Ophthalmology says, “There’s a strong possibility that you will get it in your eye. The nerve endings there are the nerves that connect to the eye.” A lot of seniors had the chickenpox when they were younger because there was not a vaccine for it created yet. This virus remains dormant for a long time, and when it resurfaces, can cause painful shingles throughout your body, and vision loss. If you are able to, get the recommended vaccine to prevent shingles, or at least ease symptoms.

Glaucoma: How You Get It, How To Prevent It!

Did you know that glaucoma is the second leading cause for blindness in the world? While everyone is at risk for developing glaucoma, people over the age of 60 have a higher risk. Statistics show that over 3 million Americans have it, but only half know they actually have it. There are no known cures for the disease yet. However, there are precautions you can take to prevent glaucoma.

What Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a serious eye disease that develops in millions of Americans.
Glaucoma is a serious eye disease that develops in millions of Americans. Damage to the optic nerve causes vision loss over time.

The optic nerve has over 1 million nerve fibers, connecting the retina to the brain. Glaucoma is a disease in which the optic nerve is damaged, causing vision loss, and blindness. There are 3 main types of glaucoma diseases, open-angle glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, and low-pressure glaucoma. Most cases develop slowly over time, but if it is detected early on, you can significantly slow down the loss of vision.

The Causes

As mentioned, when there is damage to the optic nerve, then glaucoma begins. Fluid constantly flows to nearby tissues, and whenever the liquid cannot drain, it adds pressure to the optic nerve, causing damage. Family history, and your ethnicity can increase your risk of glaucoma. If your parents or siblings have it, have diabetes, or if you are African American or Latino, then you have a greater chance of the disease. The three main types/causes of glaucoma are:

  • Open-angle (Chronic) Glaucoma– This is the most common type of glaucoma. There are no early warning signs for this type of glaucoma, because it develops slowly and is not noticeable. Most people feel fine and like nothing is wrong, because it is so unnoticeable. By the time a person notices vision loss, the disease is in its advanced stages, making the vision loss untreatable. Open-angle refers to the angle in your eye where the iris meets the cornea. The drainage canals become clogged causing eye pressure.
  • Angle-closure (Acute) Glaucoma– This type of glaucoma is less common, and occurs when there are blocked drainage canals. Because of the blockage, the angle between the iris and cornea is closed or narrowed. Symptoms and damage are usually noticeable when it occurs, and needs immediate attention.
  • Low-Pressure (Normal-Tension) Glaucoma–  This occurs when the optic nerve is damaged, possibly due to poor blood flow to the nerve. even though the eye pressure is not very high.

The Early Signs

There are many early signs of glaucoma. It is very important that if you notice or suspect glaucoma, or any of the following symptoms to see your doctor immediately. Symptoms include:

  • Vision loss, especially around the peripheral (side) vision.
  • Seeing halos around lights
  • The inability to adjust to darkened rooms
  • Foggy or blurred vision
  • Pain or pressure in the eye
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Tunnel vision (narrowing of vision)
  • Frequently switching glasses

If you are able to catch glaucoma early, then you have a higher chance of treating it. This usually occurs with eye drops, pills, laser surgery, and/or traditional surgery. The earlier you can prevent vision less, the better, because once you lose vision, you can not reverse it.


In order to prevent glaucoma, there are some simple steps to take recommended by medical experts. A healthy lifestyle is the best way to prevent vision loss, and this includes:

Regular eye exams can catch early signs of glaucoma, or any damage to the eye.
Regular eye exams can catch early signs of glaucoma, or any damage to the eye. This gives you a better chance of fighting it and preventing it.

Regular eye exams- Early detection from frequent eye exams are one of the main ways to prevent vision loss and glaucoma. It is recommended that people age 55-64 go to the eye doctor every 1-2 years, and people 64 and older go every 6-12 months.

Exercise– Moderate exercise can lower your intraocular pressure, which is the pressure that causes optic nerve damage. Walking or jogging can help lower the pressure.

Prevent Eye Injuries– Always wear protective eyewear when you are in the sun. Make sure you are not straining to read or watch something. Wear eyewear when you are dealing with construction, or sports to prevent any injury.

Keep Insulin Levels Low- Diabetes creates a higher chance of developing glaucoma. This is because diabetes can increase blood pressure, which includes eye pressure as well. Avoid sugar and high-carb foods in order to keep your insulin levels low.

Eye-Healthy Foods– Some foods to consider eating for healthy vision are foods rich in vitamins A,C,D, E, zinc, and omega-3 fatty acids. A lot of these vitamins are found in leafy greens, vegetables, and fruits.

Once you have vision loss due to glaucoma, then the harder it is to go back to regular vision. More often, when vision loss happens, it becomes irreversible. So the main thing to do is to stay on top of your eye health. Visit the eye doctor regularly, eat healthy, exercise, and if you exhibit any symptoms, then seek immediate medical attention.